Knee and ACL Injuries

POSTED: 14 Apr, 2024

Knee and ACL Injuries

Knee injuries, including anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears, are prevalent in the athletic community, necessitating a proactive approach to prevention.

Knee and ACL Injuries


Prevention programs addressing muscle strength, balance, proprioception, running mechanics, and flexibility have been shown to be effective in reducing the incidence of knee and ACL injuries among athletes. These programs typically involve a combination of exercises and drills targeting various aspects of physical fitness and biomechanics.

Here’s a breakdown of the components typically included in such prevention programs

Muscle Strength

Resistance training exercises targeting muscles around the knee joint, including quadriceps, hamstrings, and calf muscles, to improve overall strength and stability.
Emphasis on proper form and technique to ensure effective muscle activation and reduce the risk of compensatory movements that may predispose individuals to injury.

Balance and Proprioception

Balance exercises incorporating unstable surfaces or dynamic movements to challenge proprioception and improve neuromuscular control.
Proprioceptive exercises focusing on joint position sense and body awareness to enhance stability and reduce the likelihood of injury during dynamic activities.

Running Mechanics

Technique drills and cues aimed at optimizing running mechanics, such as foot strike pattern, stride length, and trunk position, to minimize excessive stress on the knee joint and surrounding structures. Video analysis and feedback sessions to identify and correct any biomechanical abnormalities that may predispose athletes to injury.


Stretching routines targeting key muscle groups involved in lower limb function, including the quadriceps, hamstrings, hip flexors, and calf muscles, to improve flexibility and joint range of motion.
Emphasis on dynamic stretching exercises that mimic movements performed during sports activities to promote functional flexibility and reduce the risk of muscle strains or tears.


In conclusion, preventing knee and ACL injuries in athletes requires a comprehensive strategy that addresses multiple factors contributing to injury risk. By implementing prevention programs focused on muscle strength, balance, proprioception, running mechanics, and flexibility, athletes can enhance their resilience to injury and optimize performance.
Contact us today at 07 3419 4796 or 07 3142 4864, or visit our website at to schedule your appointment.


Mehl J, Diermeier T, Herbst E, Imhoff AB, Stoffels T, Zantop T, Petersen W, Achtnich A. Evidence-based concepts for prevention of knee and ACL injuries. 2017 guidelines of the ligament committee of the German Knee Society (DKG). Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2018 Jan;138(1):51-61. doi: 10.1007/s00402-017-2809-5. Epub 2017 Oct 5. PMID: 28983841.

About the author

Nick graduated from the University of Queensland in 2007 and has been a physiotherapist specialising in sports and spinal therapy in the community since then. Over this time Nick has developed expert skills in manual therapy, sports medicine, dry needling, post-operative management, clinical Pilates ... more

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